Green card lottery registration begins and often will 2013 function as final year?

October 1 marks the start of the 30-day registration period for your annual Diversity Visa (green card) Lottery. This program was sponsored from the late Senator Edward Kennedy under section 203 (c) from the Immigration and Naturalization Act of 1990 to assist even out the proportions of immigrants from different European countries which, back then, were seen as skewed in support of immigrants from Latin America and Asia. But is a program whose the come and gone?
To match the diversity goal, any country that's admitted 50 plus,000 immigrants in to the U.S. within the last five years will not be eligible to the Diversity Visa Program. This currently excludes citizens of countries including Mexico, Canada, mainland China, contributing to a dozen other countries and islands which are part on the United Kingdom. Because with the rolling 50,000 limit, countries may come and alternate from the 'visa-eligible' list. For example, Poland is eligible again after being eliminated in 2007, and Nigeria was eliminated because of this year's lottery.
Besides the 'nativity' requirement (applicants should be born within a visa-eligible country to qualify), they have to also have the equivalent of a U.S. school education, with at the very least two years of experience during the last five years in one from the jobs classified by the Department of Labor's oddly named O*Net database. A quick perusal with the list of qualifying occupations reveals which the vast majority of the jobs actually need a college degree or maybe a post-baccalaureate education.
The lottery is very popular abroad because doing so does not count on sponsorship by a company or a close relative, in order that it represents a short cut to get Lawful Permanent Resident status (aka a 'green card'), and several years later the potential of full U.S. Citizenship.
Of the millions who apply each October using the U.S. State Department website, 100,000 are selected randomly by computer for interviews and criminal record checks either in a U.S. Consulate abroad or at the local USCIS office in the United States. Winners verify their winning status online starting May 1 from the following year as soon as they apply. However, winning is unquestionably no guarantee to getting a visa.
Interviewees must bring their birth and marriage certificates, evidence education or work inside a qualifying occupation, plus much more, including evidence there is a job browsing the United States and the name someone willing to pay money for their living costs until they locate a job in order that they do not turn into 'public charge.' Of those 100,000 initial selectees, about 50 % or 50,000 are eventually selected.
By most accounts this system has been a tremendous success despite several very visible pr setbacks. For example, in 2002 there is the case associated with an Egyptian lottery winner shooting a couple at the Los Angeles International Airport. In 2011, the State Department's Department of Visa Services who administer this software, had a disturbing computer glitch that accidentally informed 22,000 individuals who they were selected as winners although we were holding in fact not selected. This led to thousands of potential winners discarding their entry numbers after mistakenly believing they lost.
And the DV Program, as with any other government program, is affected by fraud. Not surprisingly, applicants happen to be known to use fake documentation to misrepresent themselves to USCIS or State Department personnel in their interview. In other cases applicants are actually victimized by scam emails claiming to result from the State Department that tell the victim they won the lottery inquire about hefty fees to process their application. In fact, the 1st widely circulated spam email was because of the husband and wife immigration lawyer team of Laurence Canter and Martha Siegel in 1994 to solicit green card lottery supplier fees.
There are types of highly educated, English-fluent applicants who don't read or understand government instructions and tend not to receive their visas as a result of avoidable mistakes through the entire process. Using shoddy or outright fraudulent independent lottery carrier's networks represents another problem. In some cases these providers charge applicants for services or goods that happen to be unnecessary.
Ethical, fee-based lottery services including the American Dream (while others) represent a viable choice for a lot of applicants who require or just want the reassurance knowing they've got help during the entire process from registering to finding an deportation attorney if they win.
The lottery represents one on the few avenues for legal entry in to the United States, specifically those from African and Caribbean countries. But poorer non-citizens are without lobbyists, much less a significant variety of supporters in Congress. For this reason the lottery has become on the chopping block for decades by conservatives for instance Representative Bob Goodlatte (R-VA) who comprehend the winners like a threat to national security, as taking jobs from Americans, or how the program admits lots of undesirables using a process of 'chain-migration.'
However, the amount of immigrants admitted for the United States because of the lottery represents just 5% on the overall number. And independent immigration research has shown that legal immigrants contribute to your economy, promote true diversity, and lower the deficit.
The program also will pay for itself via relatively steep fees charged to each alien and member of the family admitted in to the country. And good sense indicates that changing U.S. demographics reducing birth rates foreshadow the desire to bring in more workers to the United States'a point underscored by supporters of overall immigration reform.
This past year Senate Bill S.744 finally eviscerated this software as part with the proposed immigration reform compromise, favoring instead a head unit that admits more skills-based STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) applicants versus a process based partially on diversity. However, the 2013 green card lottery was saved by congressional inaction, thanks in part for the Syria crisis and therefore the budget impasse, but particularly by House Republicans who always threaten to derail reform altogether by piecemeal inaction.
So which side the lottery move from here?
Assuming the House of Representatives passes comprehensive immigration reform this fall or perhaps early 2014 (an exceptionally big assumption), 2013 will function as the final year lottery results usa green card on the lottery and terminate one from the many legislative legacies of Edward Kennedy.
But supporters in the lottery must not overestimate the ability with the House to secure much-needed immigration reform. Ironically, the lottery may very well be saved with the very same forces that argue probably the most for its demise.

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